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Amended Labour Relations Act

by Lloyd Ramutloa last modified 2010-08-25 05:08

Amended Labour Relations Act

Labour Relations Act (No. 66 of 1995 )
as amended by the
  • Amendment - Afrikaans Labour Relations Act 1998,
  • Amendment - Labour Relations Act 1996,
  • Amendment - Labour Relations Act 1998,
  • Amendment - Labour Relations Act 2000, and  Amendment - Labour Relations Act 2002
  • Summary: To change the law governing labour relations and, for that purpose-
    · to give effect to section 27 of the Constitution;
    · to regulate the organisational rights of trade unions;
    · to promote and facilitate collective bargaining at the workplace and at sectoral level;
    · to regulate the right to strike and the recourse to lockout in conformity with the Constitution;
    · to promote employee participation in decision-making through the establishment of workplace forums;
    · to provide simple procedures for the resolution of labour disputes through statutory conciliation, mediation and arbitration (for which purpose the Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration is established), and through independent alternative dispute resolution services accredited for that purpose;
    · to establish the Labour Court and Labour Appeal Court as superior courts, with exclusive jurisdiction to decide matters arising from the Act;
    · to provide for a simplified procedure for the registration of trade unions and employers' organisations, and to provide for their regulation to ensure democratic practices and proper financial control;
    · to give effect to the public international law obligations of the Republic relating to labour relations;
    · to amend and repeal certain laws relating to labour relations; and
    · to provide for incidental matters.

    Be it enacted by the Parliament of the Republic of South Africa as follows:-

    Table of Contents

    Chapter 1: Purpose, application and interpretation


       1.  Purpose of this Act

       2.  Exclusion from application of this Act

       3.  Interpretation of this Act

    Chapter 2: Freedom of association and general protections


       4.  Employees' right to freedom of association

       5.  Protection of employees and persons seeking employment

       6.  Employers' right to freedom of association

       7.  Protection of employers' rights

       8.  Rights of trade unions and employers' organisations

       9.  Procedure for disputes

       10.  Burden of proof

    Chapter 3: Collective Bargaining


    Part A : Organisational Rights


       11.  Trade union representativeness

       12.  Trade union access to workplace

       13.  Deduction of trade union subscriptions or levies

       14.  Trade union representatives

       15.  Leave for trade union activities

       16.  Disclosure of information

       17.  Restricted rights in domestic sector

       18.  Right to establish thresholds of representativeness

       19.  Certain organisational rights for trade union party to council

       20.  Organisational rights in collective agreements

       21.  Exercise of rights conferred by this Part 4

       22.  Disputes about organisational rights

    Part B : Collective Agreements


       23.  Legal effect of collective agreement

       24.  Disputes about collective agreements

       25.  Agency shop agreements

       26.  Closed shop agreements

    Part C : Bargaining Councils


       27.  Establishment of bargaining councils

       28.  Powers and functions of bargaining council

       29.  Registration of bargaining councils

       30.  Constitution of bargaining council

       31.  Binding nature of collective agreement concluded in bargaining council

       32.  Extension of collective agreement concluded in bargaining council

       33.  Appointment and powers of designated agents of bargaining councils

       34.  Amalgamation of bargaining councils

    Part D : Bargaining Councils in the Public Service


       35.  Bargaining councils in public service

       36.  Public Service Co-ordinating Bargaining Council

       37.  Bargaining councils in sectors in public service

       38.  Disputes between bargaining councils in public service

    Part E : Statutory Councils


       39.  Application to establish statutory council

       40.  Establishment and registration of statutory council

       41.  Establishment and registration of statutory council in absence of agreement

       42.  Certificate of registration of statutory council

       43.  Powers and functions of statutory councils

       44.  Ministerial determinations

       45.  Disputes about determinations

       46.  Withdrawal of party from statutory council

       47.  Appointment of new representative of statutory council

       48.  Change of status of statutory council

    Part F : General Provisions Concerning Councils


       49.  Representativeness of council

       50.  Effect of registration of council

       51.  Dispute resolution functions of council

       52.  Accreditation of council or appointment of accredited agency

       53.  Accounting records and audits

       54.  Duty to keep records and provide information to registrar

       55.  Delegation of functions to committee of council

       56.  Admission of parties to council 12

       57.  Changing constitution or name of council

       58.  Variation of registered scope of council

       59.  Winding-up of council

       60.  Winding-up of council by reason of insolvency

       61.  Cancellation of registration of council

       62.  Disputes about demarcation between sectors and areas

       63.  Disputes about Parts A and C to F

    Chapter 4: Strikes and lock-outs


       64.  Right to strike and recourse to lock out

       65.  Limitations on right to strike or recourse to lock-out

       66.  Secondary strikes

       67.  Strike or lock-out in compliance with this Act

       68.  Strike or lock-out not in compliance with this Act

       69.  Picketing 16

       70.  Essential services committee

       71.  Designating a service as an essential service

       72.  Minimum services

       73.  Disputes about whether a service is an essential service

       74.  Disputes in essential services18

       75.  Maintenance services

       76.  Replacement labour

       77.  Protest action to promote or defend socio-economic interests of workers

    Chapter 5: Workplace Forums


       78.  Definitions in this Chapter

       79.  General functions of workplace forum

       80.  Establishment of workplace forum

       81.  Trade union based workplace forum

       82.  Requirements for constitution of workplace forum

       83.  Meetings of workplace forum

       84.  Specific matters for consultation

       85.  Consultation

       86.  Joint decision-making

       87.  Review at request of newly established workplace forum

       88.  Matters affecting more than one workplace forum in an employer's operation

       89.  Disclosure of information

       90.  Inspection and copies of documents

       91.  Breach of confidentiality

       92.  Full-time members of workplace forum

       93.  Dissolution of workplace forum

       94.  Disputes about workplace forums

    Chapter 6: Trade Unions And Employers' Organisations


    Part A : Registration And Regulation Of Trade Unions And Employers' Organisations


       95.  Requirements for registration of trade unions or employers' organisations

       96.  Registration of trade unions or employers' organisations

       97.  Effect of registration of trade union or employers' organisation

       98.  Accounting records and audits

       99.  Duty to keep records

       100.  Duty to provide information to registrar

       101.  Changing constitution or name of registered trade unions or employers' organisations

       102.  Amalgamation of trade unions or employers' organisations

       103.  Winding-up of trade unions or employers' organisations

       104.  Winding-up of trade unions or employers' organisations by reason of insolvency

       105.  Declaration that trade union is no longer independent

       106.  Cancellation of registration of trade unions or employers' organisations

    Part B : Regulation Of Federations Of Trade Unions And Employers' Organisations


       107.  Regulation of federations of trade unions or employers' organisations

    Part C : Registrar Of Labour Relations


       108.  Appointment of registrar of labour relations

       109.  Functions of registrar

       110.  Access to information

    Part D : Appeals From Registrar's Decision


       111.  Appeals from registrar's decision

    Chapter 7: Dispute Resolution


    Part A : Commission For Conciliation, Mediation And Arbitration


       112.  Establishment of Commission for Conciliation, Mediation and Arbitration

       113.  Independence of Commission

       114.  Area of jurisdiction and offices of Commission

       115.  Functions of Commission

       116.  Governing body of Commission

       117.  Commissioners of Commission

       118.  Director of Commission

       119.  Acting director of Commission

       120.  Staff of Commission

       121.  Establishment of committees of Commission

       122.  Finances of Commission

       123.  Circumstances in which Commission may charge fees

       124.  Contracting by Commission, and Commission working in association with any person

       125.  Delegation of governing body's powers, functions and duties

       126.  Limitation of liability and limitation on disclosure of information

    Part B : Accreditation Of And Subsidy To Councils And Private Agencies


       127.  Accreditation of councils and private agencies

       128.  General provisions relating to accreditation

       129.  Amendment of accreditation

       130.  Withdrawal of accreditation

       131.  Application to renew accreditation

       132.  Subsidy to council or private agency

    Part C : Resolution Of Disputes Under Auspices Of Commission


       133.  Resolution of disputes under auspices of Commission

       134.  Disputes about matters of mutual interest

       135.  Resolution of disputes through conciliation

       136.  Appointment of commissioner to resolve dispute through arbitration

       137.  Appointment of senior commissioner to resolve dispute through arbitration

       138.  General provisions for arbitration proceedings

       139.  Special provisions for arbitrating disputes in essential services

       140.  Special provisions for arbitrations about dismissals for reasons related to conduct or capacity

       141.  Resolution of disputes if parties consent to arbitration under auspices of Commission

       142.  Powers of commissioner when attempting to resolve disputes

       143.  Effect of arbitration awards

       144.  Variation and rescission of arbitration awards and rulings

       145.  Review of arbitration awards

       146.  Exclusion of Arbitration Act

       147.  Performance of dispute resolution functions by Commission in exceptional circumstances

       148.  Commission may provide advice

       149.  Commission may provide assistance

       150.  Commission may offer to resolve dispute through conciliation

    Part D : Labour Court


       151.  Establishment and status of Labour Court

       152.  Composition of Labour Court

       153.  Appointment of judges of Labour Court

       154.  Tenure, remuneration and terms and conditions of appointment of Labour Court judges

       155.  Officers of Labour Court

       156.  Area of jurisdiction and seat of Labour Court

       157.  Jurisdiction of Labour Court

       158.  Powers of Labour Court

       159.  Rules Board for Labour Courts and rules for Labour Court

       160.  Proceedings of Labour Court to be carried on in open court

       161.  Representation before Labour Court

       162.  Costs

       163.  Service and enforcement of orders of Labour Court

       164.  Seal of Labour Court

       165.  Variation and rescission of orders of Labour Court

       166.  Appeals against judgment or order of Labour Court

    Part E : Labour Appeal Court


       167.  Establishment and status of Labour Appeal Court

       168.  Composition of Labour Appeal Court

       169.  Appointment of judges of Labour Appeal Court

       170.  Tenure, remuneration and terms and conditions of appointment of Labour Appeal Court judges

       171.  Officers of Labour Appeal Court

       172.  Area of jurisdiction and seat of Labour Appeal Court

       173.  Jurisdiction of Labour Appeal Court

       174.  Powers of Labour Appeal Court on hearing of appeals

       175.  Labour Appeal Court may sit as court of first instance

       176.  Rules for Labour Appeal Court

       177.  Proceedings of Labour Appeal Court to be carried on in open court

       178.  Representation before Labour Appeal Court

       179.  Costs

       180.  Service and enforcement of orders

       181.  Seal of Labour Appeal Court

       182.  Judgments of Labour Appeal Court binding on Labour Court

       183.  Labour Appeal Court final court of appeal

    Part F : General Provisions Applicable To Courts Established By This Act


       184.  General provisions applicable to courts established by this Act

    Chapter 8: Unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice


       185.  Right not to be unfairly dismissed or subjected to unfair labour practice

       186.  Meaning of dismissal and unfair labour practice

       187.  Automatically unfair dismissals

       188.  Other unfair dismissals

       189.  Dismissals based on operational requirements

       190.  Date of dismissal

       191.  Disputes about unfair dismissals and unfair labour practices52

       192.  Onus in dismissal disputes

       193.  Remedies for unfair dismissal and unfair labour practice

       194.  Limits on compensation

       195.  Compensation is in addition to any other amount

       196.  Severance pay

       197.  Transfer of contract of employment

    Chapter 9: General Provisions


       198.  Temporary Employment Services

       199.  Contracts of employment may not disregard or waive collective agreements or arbitration awards

       200.  Representation of employees or employers

       201.  Confidentiality

       202.  Service of documents

       203.  Codes of good practice

       204.  Collective agreement, arbitration award or wage determination to be kept by employer

       205.  Records to be kept by employer

       206.  Effect of certain defects and irregularities

       207.  Ministers empowered to add and change to Schedules

       208.  Regulations

       209.  This Act binds the State

       210.  Application of Act when in conflict with other laws

       211.  Amendment of laws

       212.  Repeal of laws, and transitional arrangements

       213.  Definitions

       214.  Short title and commencement

    Schedule 1: Establishment Of Bargaining Councils For Public Service


       Definitions for this Schedules

       Establishment of Public Service Co-ordinating Bargaining Council

       Establishment of bargaining councils in sectors

    Schedule 2: Guidelines For Constitution Of Workplace Forum


       Introduction

       Number of seats in workplace forums (section 82(1)(a))

       Distribution of seats to reflect occupational structure (section 82(1)(b))

       Elections (section 82(1)(c), (d), (g), (h), (i) and (j))

       Terms of office (section 82(1)(k), (l) and (m))

       Meetings of workplace forum (section 82(1)(n))

       Time off for members of workplace forum (section 82(1)(p))

       Facilities to be provided to workplace forum (section 82(1)(r))

       Experts (section 82(1)(t))

       Establishment of coordinating and subsidiary workplace forums (section 82(2)(b))

    Schedule 3: Commission For Conciliation, Mediation &Amp; Arbitration


       Remuneration and allowances of members of governing body

       Resignation and removal from office of member of governing body

       Vacancies in governing body

       Proceedings of governing body


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